Discovering The Truth About Materials

Different Types of Rubber and Rubber Products In the processing of rubber, there are many chemicals used like sulphur, zinc oxide, TMT, titanium, MBTS, minerals like calcium carbonate and carbon, and processing oils called RPO or Rubber Processing Oil. These ingredients are all mixed together using rubber processing machinery which include ban-bury mixture, kneader machine, mixing mills, calendaring machine, extrude machine, hydraulic press, roto-cure and cooling conditioner. Rubber comes in two types namely natural and synthetic. Natural rubber is derived from the rubber tree. The latex, which is the milk type of material leaking from the rubber tree, is processed for application. Synthetic rubber is a product which is petroleum based. By means of industrial application, synthetic rubber is manufactured using content derived from crude oil and with the addition of certain chemicals. There are many varieties of synthetic rubber available in the market. Some of these are Chloroprene (Neoprene), Silicone, EPDM, Fluoro-elastomer, Nitrile, Hypalon, and Butyl. These grades differ in their applications and specification.
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Neoprene is resistant to oil, acid, alkali, hydrocarbons, and they are also heat resistant.
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In very high temperatures, silicone can still be used. This material can bear up to 250 degrees Celcius. EPDM is resistant to weather, temperature, aging, and radiation. Since EPDM rubber prevents water or liquid to pass through, then it is widely used in waterproof roofing, and canal and ponds living. For use in gaskets for packing purposes the ideal type of rubber if nitrile or NBR sheets since they are permeable to gases. A type of rubber resistant to a wide range of oils and solvents is niton or fluoro-elastomer. It also exhibits good abrasion and is tear resistant. It is also able to bear high temperatures. Today, rubber demand has increased greatly. It is the revolution in the automobile sector that is responsible for the increase. Tires are indispensable to automobiles. Tires are responsible for the increasing prices of natural and synthetic rubber. Eighty percent of the entire rubber production in the world is consumed by the tire industry. We can find other major rubber products in the market. In applications like gaskets, packing, electrical insulation and matting purposes, industrial rubber sheets are used. Today, rubber sheets are manufactured using a blend of natural and synthetic rubber and are available in different colors like green red, blue, and black. For industrial purposes, the black color if preferred. There are different raw materials used in rubber sheet manufacturing depending on the bases of application. For example, silicone is used for heat resistant purposes, neoprene for acid and heat, and other materials for particular applications. Other products aside from industrial rubber sheets includes hoses, mats, tire, condoms, medical equipment, oil seals, gaskets, yoga mats, conveyor belts, footwear, printing rollers, electrical insulation mats, and more.